Can children tell the difference between truth and imagination? Do they believe Santa and Fairies are real people? Does a child lie to increase their social popularity?

Are imaginary friends a concern?


Natural Guidance to the Duty of telling the Truth

The child, when he first acquires the art of using and understanding language, is filled with wonder and pleasure to find that he can represent external objects that he observes, and ideas passing through his mind, by means of sounds formed by his organs of speech. Such sounds, he finds, have both these powers—that is, they can represent realities or fancies. Thus, when he utters the sounds I see a bird, they may denote either a mere conception in his mind or an outward actuality. How is he possibly to know, by any instinct, or intuition, or moral sense when it is right for him to use them as representations of a mere idea, and when it is wrong for him to use them unless they correspond with some actual reality?